Telephone: 012 653 4474/2              Emergencies: 082 5511966                       Email: accounts@bakenkop-vet.co.za

Vaccinations

Vaccinations

Is your pet protected against preventative fatal diseases?

Vaccinating your pet is the most important step in preventing your pet to contract potentially fatal diseases.
A Vaccine contains small quantities of altered or “killed” particles [antigen]. When injected under the skin it stimulates the immune system to produce disease fighting cells [antibodies] to protect against disease.

Why are Vaccinations important to your pet?

Proper vaccination is the only way to prevent your pet from developing potentially fatal diseases.

Immunity does take time to develop. An adequate immunity will only develop 2-3 weeks after ALL the primary vaccinations have been administered. Round about 16 – 18 weeks in puppies and kittens if the required protocol was followed.
Vaccinating a sick animal does not stimulate enough immunity for that pet to be protected.

When should your pet be vaccinated?

Your pet’s mother gave immunity from disease for the first few weeks of existence by providing disease fighting antibodies in her milk. This immunity lasts only for a few weeks. It is then essential to start with vaccinations for protection.

How effective is vaccination?

Like any drug treatment or surgical procedure, vaccinations cannot be 100% guaranteed. However, used in conjunction with proper nutrition and acceptable sanitary conditions, vaccination is your pet’s best defence against disease. Treating serious illnesses are expensive. Prevent these serious diseases with a proper vaccination protocol!

Core Vaccines [Necessary]

Your pet should be protected against those diseases which are most common, highly contagious and which cause serious illness or even death!

Our vaccination protocol is as follows:
Puppy’s
6 weeks:  Primary Vaccine
9 weeks:  Primary Vaccine
12 weeks:  Primary Vaccine + Rabies
16 weeks: Primary Vaccine + Rabies

Kittens
8 weeks: Primary Vaccine
12 weeks: Primary Vaccine + Rabies
16 weeks: Primary Vaccine + Rabies

Annual Vaccinations + Annual Health Examinations

VACCINATE YOUR PET ANNUALLY

As more research is done, it is found that some vaccines’ immunity lasts longer than one year. Some new research results are to vaccinate only every three years. There is still a lot of controversy surrounding this theory. Our opinion is that each patient is different and Centurion is a high risk area. We still advise annual vaccinations. Rather one vaccine too many, than a pet picking up the fatal Parvo virus.

Our pets age much faster than humans, and changes occur in a very short period of time. We do a full clinical examination with the annual vaccination. This allows us to catch many diseases in the early stages and start preventative treatment.

Vaccinations for Dogs

Canine Vaccinations

Canine Parvovirus
A very contagious, debilitating and widespread virus infection. This virus is spread through infected faeces. This highly resistant virus remains in the environment for many months. Symptoms include high fever, listlessness, vomiting and blood – stained diarrhoea. This is a potentially fatal disease.

Canine Distemper
This is an often fatal, hard- to- treat disease. It is highly contagious and is spread by discharges from the nose and eyes of infected dogs. Symptoms can include listlessness, fever, coughing, diarrhoea and vomiting, convulsions and paralysis. The distemper virus attacks many organs, including the nervous system, which may be permanently damaged, even if the dog recovers.

Infectious Canine Hepatitis
This is caused by Canine Adenovirus Type 1. The disease is transmitted among dogs by contact with secretions, such as saliva, infected urine or faeces. Its symptoms are similar to those of the early stages of distemper. Causing liver failure, eye damage and breathing problems, the course of this disease can range from mild to fatal.

Infectious Tracheo-bronchitis [Kennel Cough]
Just as with the human common cold, this respiratory tract infection is easily transmitted from one dog to another. The vaccination is imperative if your dog will come into contact with other dogs, e.g. obedience training, boarding at kennels, or plays in the park. The disease is caused by various air borne bacteria and viruses, including Canine Parainfluenza virus and Canine Adenovirus Type 2. Bordetella bronchiseptica is one of the main causes of the disease and requires a separate vaccine. Symptoms of kennel cough is a dry, hacking cough.

Rabies
This incurable and fatal disease affects the central nervous system of almost all mammals, including humans. It is spread through contact with the saliva of infected animals through bites or any break in the skin.

Vaccination for Cats

Feline Vaccinations

Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis
Just as with the human common cold, the virus that causes this upper respiratory tract infection is easily transmitted from one cat to another. This disease is easily spread between cats in close contact. Symptoms may take the form of moderate fever, loss of appetite, sneezing, eye and nasal discharge and coughing. Kittens are particularly infected, but this disease can be dangerous in any unprotected cat, as effective treatments are limited. Even if a cat recovers, it can remain a carrier for life.

Feline Calicivirus
This virus is another major cause of upper respiratory tract infection in cats. Widespread and highly contagious, its symptoms of fever, ulcers and blisters on the tongue and pneumonia can range from mild to severe, depending on the strain of virus present. Once again, treatment of this disease can be difficult. Even if recovery does take place, a recovered cat can continue to infect other animals, as well as experience chronic sneezing and runny eyes.

Feline Panleukopenia
This disease is caused by a virus so resistant; it can survive for up to one year outside a cat’s body. Therefore the infection rates in unprotected cats are high and vaccination is the only way to protect them from this potentially fatal disease. Symptoms include listlessness, diarrhoea, vomiting, severe dehydration and fever. Treatment is extremely difficult, and even if recovery takes place for a period of time, an infected cat can spread the disease to other animals.

Feline Chlamydiosis
This bacterial disease is responsible for 15 – 20% of all feline respiratory diseases. It is extremely contagious, especially in young kittens and the infection rate is very high. It causes a local infection of the mucus membranes of the eyes, but may also involve the lungs. Chlamydiosis can be transmitted to humans by direct contact.

Rabies
This incurable and fatal disease affects the central nervous system of almost all mammals, including humans. It is spread through contact with the saliva of infected animals through bites or any break in the skin.

Non- Core Vaccinations [Optional]
The optional vaccinations are catered more towards the lifestyle of a pet.

Bordetella Vaccine – Dogs /Cats

Bordetella bronchiseptica is one of the major causes of Infectious Tracheo-bronchitis [Kennel Cough] in dogs and upper respiratory infections in cats.  This is a highly contagious disease and is spread through close contact with other animals. We advise that your pets must be vaccinated against this disease. In dogs we use the injectable form and in cats an intranasal vaccine.

Canine Coronavirus – Dogs
This virus attacks the intestinal system and can be fatal to puppies. Symptoms may develop quickly and can include vomiting, diarrhoea, dehydration, loss of appetite and depression. If you are a breeder, we should advise that you vaccinate your dogs against this virus. Please book in advance to ensure the availability of the vaccine.

Feline Leukaemia – Cats

Infection with the Feline Leukaemia Virus can result in a multitude of serious health problems for your cat – everything from cancerous conditions such as leukaemia to a wide range of secondary infections caused by the destruction of the immune system. After initial exposure to the virus, a cat may show no symptoms of its presence for months, if not years, yet all the while can infect other cats. Testing is available to determine the FeLV status of your cat. We advise strongly that all cats are tested, and if negative vaccinated against this extremely dangerous disease.

Side effects of vaccines

Reactions and side effects are extremely rare. Most of the reactions are a swelling at the injection site. Very rarely more serious adverse effects such as an allergic reaction to the vaccine do occur. These adverse effects is treatable, and preventable with a cortisone injection with the following vaccinations.

Contact Us

Tel 012 653 4474/2 and After hours 082 5511 966 Fax 012 653 4353

Address: 1 Caper avenue, Eldoraigne x 3, Centurion

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